Neem and Neem products

Introduction:
The people of India have long revered the neem tree (Azadirachta indica). For centuries, millions have cleaned their teeth with neem twigs, smeared skin disorders with neem-leaf juice, taken neem tea as a tonic, and placed neem leaves in their beds, books, grain bins, cupboards, and closets to keep away troublesome bugs. The tree has relieved so many different pains, fevers, infections, and other complaints that it has been called "the village pharmacy." Neem has also been used as a very effective pest repellent in the agriculture even much before the pesticides were invented

The neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is a tropical evergreen related to mahogany, native to east India and Burma. Every part of the neem tree, may it be the leaves, the bark, the seeds or the flowers have shown specific healing properties in various applications. Thus the extraction of neem in different form have been used for various ailments and as an effective ingredient in formulations of insecticides and pesticides.

Neem oils and extractions contain Azadirachtin as the principle active compound. It is an effective anti-feedent and repellent and has growth disruptive properties on insects and pests. It is oviposition inhibitive and effects egg production. Azadirachtin works especially well to protect plant from defoliation without affecting beneficial pollinating insects.

Neem extracts in oil or powder form are used as the basic raw material in the formulations of Neem based bio-pesticides, Cosmetics, Skin care treatments, veterinary care products and herbal preparations. It is a highly effective, non-toxic and environmentally harmless means of controlling or eliminating the insects/pests that causes damages to crops.

Neem Power:
Neem extraction in powder form in Pale Cream/Off white colour with active ingredient Azadirachtin 10% w/w and the rest other triterpenoids. This can be used as a basic raw material in the formulations of neem based bio-pesticides, health and herbal preparations in powder form. Available in 5, 10 and 25 kg. HDPE bags.

Neem Cake:
Neem cake is a blackish brown dry flakes and powder mass contains upto 3% of neem oil is the remains of de-oiled cakes a by-product of neem seed oil production. Can be used as an excellent natural fertilizer enhancing the nourishment and stimulation in the soil, protecting the soil from nematodes and insects, improve the overall quality of the plant and the produce.
Neem Cake is applied along with the soil in and around the roots of plants. When applied in conjunction with any nitrogenous fertilizers, slows down the process of conversion of nitrogenous compounds in to nitrogen gas and thereby increasing the availability of Nitrogen to the plants. Available in 25 and 50 kg bags.

Neem Oil:
Neem oil is the most powerful and concentrated product from the Neem Tree. Neem oil can be extracted in various methods like cold pressed method or through a solvent extraction method. The cold pressed oil is the most purest and natural oil retaining most of the inherent nutrients.

Neem oil can be used as an alternative to chemical pesticide for protection against pests, can be used in medical formulations, cosmetic application, veterinary applications etc.

Brown or blackish brown in nature, has a very long shelf life if stored in a closed store at average temperature of 30 to 35 deg. C. Can be supplied in 10 Ltrs., 20 Ltrs. , 50 Ltrs and 200 Ltrs. packing.

Neem Based Pesticides:
Neem based pesticides are very effective in eliminating the pest menace in the field of agriculture and will replace widely used chemical pesticides. We manufacture a fairly high concentrated neem based biopesticide with an Azadirachtin content of 10000ppm. This has excellent properties like Disturbing or Inhibiting the development of eggs, larvae or pupae, Blocking the molting of larvae or nymphs, Disturbing mating and sexual communication, Deterring feeding etc

Neem Powder: Azadirachtin (A) – 10% w/w
Azadex Technical is the extract of neem with a concentration of the active ingredient Azadirachtin (A) 10% w/w and the rest other triterpenoids. Azadirachtin has been identified as neem’s principal active compound. It acts on insects by repelling them, inhibiting feeding, and disrupting their growth, metamorphosis and reproduction. Azadirachtin affects insect physiology by a natural hormone. It affects egg production and hatching rates. In larvae, azadirachtin can inhibit molting, preventing them from developing into pupae. Azadirachtin works especially well to protect plants from defoliation without affecting beneficial pollinating insects.

Uses
Azadex is used as the basic raw material in the formulations of Neem based biopesticides, veterinary care products and herbal preparations. Azadex holds out the promise of providing a highly effective, non-toxic and environmentally harmless means of controlling or eliminating the insect pests which causes damages to crops.

Mode of Action

  • Repellent and antifeedent effect : Insects are repelled on contact with Azadex treated area
  • Growth inhibition : Azadex causes Morphogenitic defects in pests coming in contact.
    This ensures that young insects ingested with Azadex, do not reach adulthood.
  • Effect on reproduction : The insect’s which ingest Azadex succumb to behavioural and physiological stresses and starvation. The insects’s reproductive physiology is invariably impaired.

Physiochemical Properties

TRADE NAME AZADEX TECHNICAL
GENERIC NAME AZADIRACHTIN – A
PHYSICAL STATE POWDER
EMPIRICAL FORMULA C 35 H 44 O 16
MOLECULAR WEIGHT 720
CHEMICAL FAMILY TETRANORTRITERPENOIDS
COLOUR PALE CREAM / OFF WHITE
ODOUR CHARCTERISTIC ODOUR
COMPOSITION AZADIRACHTIN – A – 10% w/w
LIMENOIDS & OTHER VOLATILE MATTER 4.5% w/w
NEEM RICH TRIERPENOIDES Q.S
CORROSSION CHARC NON CORROSIVE TO HDPE PACK.
STORAGE 25 – 35 C

 

Method of Analysis

INSTRUMENT HPLC
COLUMN C 18
SOLVENT – ACETONITRILE / WATER 35:65
DETECTOR 217 nm (UV)
FLOW RATE 1.0 ML/MT
RETENTION TIME 6.5 minutes.


Toxicology Information

ACUTE ORAL RAT LD 50 > 5000mg / kg of b / w
ACUTE DERMAL RAT LD 50 > 2000mg / kg of b / w
SKIN IRRITATION RABBIT NIL
EYE IRRITATION RABBIT SLIGHT
SKIN SENSATION GUINEA PIG SLIIGHT

How to Use
Azadex Technical can be used in the preparation of Azadirachtin based formulations in conjunction with the permitted emulsifiers and solvents, at the required levels of concentration.

Shelf Life
The shelf life of Azadex Technical if stored in the ambient storage conditions will be 12 months from the date of manufacture.

Safety Information
In case of contact with eyes, flush with water. If with skin wash with soap and water. If inhaled, move to fresh air and seek Medical help depending on need. If swallowed, contact a physician immediately.

Storage And Disposal
Store in a cool dry place and protect from sunlight. Not to contaminate with water. Dispose the containers at permitted disposal sites.

Insecticide Formulation (Azadirachtin 1 % E.C.)

Product Information
Azadex 10000, is a fairly high concentrated neem based Biopesticide with an Azadirachtin content of 10000 ppm. It is very effective in eliminating the pest menace in the field of agriculture and will replace widely used chemical pesticides.

Mode of Action
Azadex 10000 acts on various insects in the following ways:

  • Disturbing or Inhibiting the development of the eggs, larvae, or pupae.
  • Blocking the molting of larvae or nymphs.
  • Disturbing mating and sexual communication
  • Repelling larvae and adults.
  • Deterring females from laying eggs.
  • Sterlising adults.
  • Deterring feeding.

Method of Application
Dilute required quantity in water and spray on crops. Being highly compatible can be sprayed in combination with other organic or chemical pesticides.

Physiochemical Properties

TRADE NAME AZADEX 10000  
GENERIC NAME AZADIRACHTIN - A  
PHYSICAL STATE BROWNISH VISCOUS LIQUID  
EMPIRICAL FORMULA C 35 H 44 O 16  
MOLECULAR WEIGHT 720  
CHEMICAL FAMILY TETRANORTRITERPENOIDS  
ODOUR CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR  
COMPOSITION

AZADIRACHTIN – A

EMULSIFIERS

TREATED NEEM OIL

N – BUTANOL

01.00 % w/w

15.00 % w/w

25.00 % w/w

Q.S

SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.97  
WATER SOLUBILITY EMULSIFIABLE  
FLASH POINT 120 C  
CORROSSION NATURE NON CORROSIVE TO HDPE PACK.  
STORAGE 25 – 30 C  

Method of Analysis

INSTRUMENT HPLC
COLUMN C 18
SOLVENT – ACETONITRILE / WATER 35:65
DETECTOR 217 nm (UV)
FLOW RATE 1.0 ML/MT
RETENTION TIME 6.5 minutes.


Toxicology Information

ACUTE ORAL RAT LD 50 > 5000mg / kg of b / w
ACUTE DERMAL RAT LD 50 > 2000mg / kg of b / w
SKIN IRRITATION RABBIT NIL
EYE IRRITATION RABBIT SLIGHT
SKIN SENSATION GUINEA PIG SLIIGHT

Shelf Life
The shelf life of Azadex 10000 if stored in the ambient storage conditions will be 12 months from the date of manufacture.

Safety Information
In case of contact with eyes, flush with water. If with skin wash with soap and water. If inhaled, move to fresh air and seek medical help depending on need. If swallowed, contact a physician immediately.

Storage And Disposal
Store in a cool dry place and protect from sun light. Not to contaminate with water. Dispose the containers at permitted disposal sites.

Neem Oil (Cold Pressed)
Neem Oil is definitely the most powerful and concentrated by product from the Neem tree. Neem Oil is rendered from the kernel of the fruit. Neem Oil - Cold pressed is extracted without heating, or using any chemicals or petrochemicals to retain all the well-balanced nutrients in the oil, some of which would otherwise be destroyed.

Neem Oil emerges as the alternative to the chemical pesticides, due to its bio-degradability, relatively low toxicity and botanical nature. The smell of the oil is a bit strong, but is a very good repellent for pests. Neem Oil has various uses, other than in agriculture, as medicinal, public health care, cosmetic and veterinary applications.

Uses in Crop Protection
Neem Oil in pest control has several advantages compared to chemical pesticides such as

  • Non-toxic, Biodegradable and environmentally friendly.
  • Insect repellant and anti feedant.
  • Stops sucking and eating of leaves by insects.
  • Reduces the laying and hatching of eggs by insects.
  • Compatible even with chemical pesticide
  • Lowers the use of chemical insecticides


Physiochemical Properties of Neem Oil
NATURE NON DRYING, BITTER
COLOUR BROWN
ODOUR GARLIC, REPULSIVE
MOI / INSOLUBLE  
IMPURITIES % BY MASS 0.3 % - 0.5 %
REFRACTIVE INDEX 40 C 1.4615 – 1.4705
SAPONIFICATION VALUE 180 - 305
ACID VALUE 15 - 20
IODINE VALUE 65 - 80
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.9087 – 0.9189

Shelf Life
Neem Oil is stable for a longer period of more than 2 years, if stored in room temperature. To avoid solidification maintain min 30 – 35 C temperature.

Packing
Normally packed in 180 Kg HDPE / MS barrels. Can be packed in any required pack size.

Neem Cack
Neem Cake is an organic by product of Neem seed oil production. Neem Cake is used as a natural fertilizer. The quality of the neem cake is determined by the amount of oil left in it, (neem oil cake and de-oiled neem cake). The Physical appearance of the neem cake will be as flakes or powder. It is compatible with most other fertilizers.

Mode of Action
  • Neem cake is active in increasing the growth, leafage, results in rich blossoming, Strengthening the roots and improves the general appearance of fruits and vegetables.
  • While applied in conjunction with any Nitrogenous fertilizers, slows the conversion of Nitrogenous compounds into Nitrogen gas thus making Nitrogen available to the plants for a much longer duration.
  • If prevents and treats ailment disorders of plants due to lack or imbalance of Nutritious and trace elements
  • It accelerates root development and overall plant growth and protects the plants from Nematodes and white ants.
  • It is a totally organic plant food which increases productivity and soil fertility.
  • It has antifungal properties and highly suitable for application in Greenhouses

Method of Application
Neem cake mixed with soil on and around the roots of plants, Vegetables, bushes and trees, will have a remarkable result in the improvement of the plant immunity.

Neem cake can be applied safely in all cultures, fruit-Bearing, garden products, Melon, cotton, tobacco, Vineyard and flowers.

Effect of Neem Cake Applied to Various Crops:
Orange Controlling Citrus Nematodes
Tomato Controlling Tomato Seedling Nematodes
Tobacco Controlling Root Knot Nematodes
Rice Increasing N Uptake, Slow Release of Fertilizer Urea
(with Urea) Regulating Rate of Nitrification of Urea

Dosage
50 – 80 gms. Spread in soil per square meter is suggested.

Packing
25 Kg / 50 Kgs HDPE Bags with lamination.

Neem Kernel Based Organic Pellets
This finds use as an ultimate organic plant food. Apart from their contribution to N P K they have a number of benefits, which none of the synthetic fertilizers or pesticides can offer. They bring in the wonderful molecules that nature has designed to help the plants flourish natural. They provide slow and steady nourishment, stimulation, protection from soil nematodes and insects, improve yields and quality of product like taste, flavour, amino acid composition etc.,

This Product is High in Naturally Occuring Nutrients
  Min. Max.   Min. Max.
N 3.5 % 7.5 % Mg 0.3 % 0.7 %
P 0.6 % 2.0 % Ca 0.8 % 1.4 %
K 1.5 % 1.9% S 0.6 % 2.0 %
           
Fe 1445 mg / kg   Cu 13.2 mg / kg  
Zn 49.3 mg / kg   Na 284 mg / kg  


(Since this manure is 100% organic the analysis may vary, but the above minimum is guaranteed)

This is recommended for all crops like Vegetables, Fruit crops, Tubers, other broad acre crops such as Sugarcane, Cotton, Rice, Banana and Plantation crops like Cardamom, Coffee, Tea etc.,

Suggested Rate of Application
  • Broad acre crops : 80 - 120 kgs / acre will stimulate plant growth by regulating the physical properties of the soil.
  • Established Plants : 50 - 80 grams per sq.metre lightly raked under the area covered by plant canopy.
  • Vegetable and Flower Gardens: 30 – 50 grams per sq. meter to mix thoroughly in soil.
  • Packing : 25 kg / 50 kg in HDPE BAGS
Biomask

Neem Based Urea Coating Agent
Biomask is a neem triterpenoids based urea-coating agent. It possess the bio-effective compounds of neem, besides other herbal extracts, which are highly beneficial for the soil fertility.

Physical Characteristics
  • The material is in the form of homogeneous stable dark brown viscous liquid.
  • No turbidity or separation of soil or oily matter observed when tested at 10 C
  • Flash point is > 60 C
  • Aflotoxin –nil.
Acute Toxity
  • Oral rat male and female LD 50 > 5000 mg / kg of b / w.
  • Dermal rat – male and female LD 50 > 2000 mg / kg of b / w.

Mode of Action
BIOMASK is a urea-coating agent, which possesses the characteristics of neem in a refined manner. The blending of urea with neem is an age-old practice to effectively slow down the nitrate conversion of nitrogen and prevent the leaching loss of urea. The basis of this blending is that neem contains certain biochemical called TRITERPENES having bacteriostatic properties. These bio-chemicals retard the activity of the nitrosomonas bacteria responsible for nitrification. Coating of urea with BIOMASK controls nitrification effectively ensuring its slow and targeted supply of Nitrogen to the plants.

Dosage
Blending 1 % of BIOMASK to the quantity of urea to be applied (500 Ml. for 50 kilos of urea) and mixing thoroughly to get coated with entire quantity will ensure best result.

Method of Application
Spread the required quantity of urea in shade and pour 1 % of the BIOMASK to the quantity of urea taken and thoroughly mix to get uniform coat to the entire quantity of the urea granules. Keep in shade for about 3 hours before application, for better results

Benefits of Using Biomask

  • Reduces the loss of Nitrogen in urea substantially by enabling slow and steady release of the required nitrogen to the plants and ultimately minimizes the application rate of urea by 30%.
  • Regulates microbial conversion of ammoniac nitrogen to nitrate and ensures continuous availability of nitrogen to the plants.
  • Protects the plant from root pests and soil insects by virtue of the neem limonoids present in it.

Packing
Available in 500 Ml / 5 Lts / 25 Lts HDPE Containers.

Shelf Life
Two years from the date of manufacture.